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To see

Les capitelles

A Capitelle picture by Cédric Sabatier

 

A "capitelle" is a concrete-free stone shelter made according to an ancient construction technique. It is built not to become a permanent habitat but on the contrary to provide temporary accommodation for tools, harvest or people.

 

Often the work of peasants, wine makers or farm workers, the 'capitelles' are built on the least favourable terrain ('garrigue', 'maquis', 'taillis'...low brush and scrubland) at a time of land clearing using any local available building material, often limestone.

 

They date from a period ranging from the end of the eighteenth century till the end of the nineteenth century. These constructions are neither improvised nor approximate architecture. It shows a most defined and precise technique.

 

Picture of a Capitelle by Cedric Sabatier Capitelle inside, picture of Cedric Sabatier

 

 

 


The lime kiln

 

On the right bank of the Vidourle river, the Ambrussum countryside is marked by a lime kiln. One cannot talk about lime without starting to talk about the raw material itself: limestone.

Transformed into a white powder after calcining, lime is a material used a lot since ancient times until the nineteenth century.

 

The lime kiln is located in the grounds of the Ambrussum site and was built using local stones coming most certainly from the surrounding 'garrigue' (dry aromatic shrub land).

It was built in the eighteenth century and was used by Poureau's mill miller.

Traditionally, lime kilns used to be destroyed after each use, but some new types of lime kiln called 'permanent' appeared and remained active for several decades which is the reason why today we still have the traces of such a construction in the Ambrussum site.

 

During the nineteenth century, concrete replaced lime and put an end to the use of these lime kilns.

 

Quality labels

Quality labels

Timetables

  • Open every afternoon (except Mondays): 2 pm-5.30 pm
  • Open all day on Sunday: 10 am- 12.30 noon / 2 pm - 5.30 pm

 

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Guided visits

Guided visits are available at 3pm every Saturdays and Sundays without booking (on pre-booking only for the other days or time according to our availability).

 

Prices

Site Museum visit:

  • Free

 

Guided visits:

  • Site Museum guided visit: Full price : 3 €
  • Archelological site guided visit : Full price : 5 €
  • Site + Museum guided visits : Full price : 6,50 €
  • Free for under  12 year olds

 

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