In 27 BC, Augustus became Emperor. Major works were undertaken throughout the Roman Empire. At Ambrussum, the city grew: a new district was created next to the Vidourle river, serving as a staging post for travellers. It was crossed by the Via Domitia which skirted the Oppidum to the North.
Facilities for travellers:
Merchants, travellers, magistrates and civil servants of the Empire used Via Domitia. Thanks to excavations, we know that certain buildings were intended for road users; they could eat there, spend the night in a hostel, bathe in a spa (thermal bath) and have their wagons and chariots repaired.
The 'hotel' was reserved for distinguished travellers – regional representatives, government officials or individuals with a pass. A purse containing jewels and 43 silver coins was found there, a 'treasure' most likely forgotten by a careless visitor. Archeologists have also found numerous items related to everyday Gallo-Roman life: fibulas (a kind of brooch or pin), bracelets, rings, hairpins, coins and a horseshoe. Amongst these finds are also some remarkable objects that are rarely preserved – leather sandal, a funnel, a wooden cup...
A gradual abandonment:
From the second century AD, the staging post began to be abandoned. Many other cities in the region were also abandoned at that time. Shortly after 400 AD, only the postal service was still in use. Ambrussum was completely empty of inhabitants by the early fifth century.
Guided visits are available at 3pm every Saturdays and Sundays without booking (on pre-booking only for the other days or time according to our availability).
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